质粒类型: 荧光蛋白报告载体
启动子: CMV
克隆方法: 多克隆位点,限制性内切酶
载体大小: 5308 bp (查看载体序列)
载体抗性: Kanamycin (卡那霉素)
筛选标记: 新霉素(G418)
产品编号 产品名称 规格 价格
VT1134 pIRES2-EGFP 2ug 点击询价

pIRES2-EGFP contains the internal ribosome entry site (IRES; 1, 2) of the encephalomyocarditis virus (ECMV) between the MCS and the enhanced green fluorescent protein (EGFP) coding region. This permits both the gene of interest (cloned into the MCS) and the EGFP gene to be translated from a single bicistronic mRNA. pIRES2-EGFP is designed for the efficient selection (by flow cytometry or other methods) of transiently transfected mammalian cells expressing EGFP and the protein of interest. This vector can also be used to express EGFP alone or to obtain stably transfected cell lines without time-consuming drug and clonal selection.

EGFP is a red-shifted variant of wild-type GFP (3–5) which has been optimized for brighter fluorescence and higher expression in mammalian cells. (Excitation maximum = 488 nm; emission maximum = 507 nm.) EGFP encodes the GFPmut1 variant (6) which contains the double-amino-acid substitution of Phe-64 to Leu and Ser-65 to Thr. The coding sequence of the EGFP gene contains more than 190 silent base changes which correspond to human codon-usage preferences (7). Sequences flanking EGFP have been converted to a Kozak consensus translation initiation site (8) to further increase the translation efficiency in eukaryotic cells. The MCS in pIRES2-EGFP is between the immediate early promoter of cytomegalovirus (PCMV IE) and the IRES sequence. SV40 polyadenylation signals downstream of the EGFP gene direct proper processing of the 3' end of the bicistronic mRNA. The vector backbone also contains an SV40 origin for replication in mammalian cells expressing the SV40 T antigen. A neomycin-resistance cassette (Neor), consisting of the SV40 early promoter, the neomycin/kanamycin resistance gene of Tn5, and polyadenylation signals from the herpes simplex virus thymidine kinase (HSV TK) gene, allows stably transfected eukaryotic cells to be selected using G418. A bacterial promoter upstream of this cassette expresses kanamycin resistance in E. coli. The pIRES2-EGFP backbone also provides a pUC origin of replication for propagation in E. coli and an f1 origin for single-stranded DNA production. pIRES2-EGFP replaces (but is not derived from) the pIRES-EGFP Vector previously sold by BD Biosciences Clontech. pIRES2-EGFP is functionally similarly to pIRES-EGFP; however, pIRES2- EGFP gives brighter EGFP fluorescence than the older vector. Note that the Xba I site at position1987 is methylated in the DNA provided by BD Biosciences Clontech. If you wish to digest the vector with this enzyme, you will need to transform the vector into a dam– host and make fresh DNA.


Genes inserted into the MCS should include the initiating ATG codon. pIRES2-EGFP and its derivatives can be introduced into mammalian cells using any standard transfection method. If required, stable transformants can be selected using G418 (9).